The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) is a federal law that, in part, provides housing protections for people applying for or living in units subsidized by the federal government and who have experienced domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, to help keep them safe and reduce their likelihood of experiencing homelessness.
Who is Covered?
VAWA’s housing protections, in part, are available to someone who has previously or is currently experiencing domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, or stalking. The survivor does NOT have to be married to, related to, or living with the perpetrator to be protected by VAWA. It does not matter how long ago the survivor experienced the violence. A survivor’s immigration status in itself does not impact a survivor’s right to VAWA’s housing protections.
VAWA's housing protections, in part, apply to a survivor if they are applying for or living in shelter, transitional housing, or permanent housing that is subsidized by a federal homeless assistance program or federal affordable housing program. See below for a list of HUD programs covered by VAWA.
VAWA protects survivors, regardless of their sex, gender identity, or sexual orientation AND regardless of the sex, gender identity or sexual orientation of the person who caused harm.
What forms of Violence are Covered?
VAWA’s housing safeguards apply to survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and/or stalking. These forms of violence (collectively called “VAWA violence/abuse”) are defined below.
Domestic Violence includes felony or misdemeanor crimes committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim under the family or domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant funding and, in the case of victim services, includes the use or attempted use of physical abuse or sexual abuse, or a pattern of any other coercive behavior committed, enabled, or solicited to gain or maintain power and control over a victim, including verbal, psychological, economic, or technological abuse that may or may not constitute criminal behavior, by a person who —
(B) is cohabitating, or has cohabitated, with the victim as a spouse or intimate partner;
(C) shares a child in common with the victim; or
(D) commits acts against a youth or adult victim who is protected from those acts under the family or domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction.
Dating violence means violence committed by a person—
(A) who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and
(B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:
(ii) The type of relationship.
(iii) The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
Sexual Assault is any non-consensual sexual act proscribed by Federal, tribal, or State law, including when the victim lacks capacity to consent.
Stalking means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to— (A) fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or (B) suffer substantial emotional distress.
Forms HUD-5380, 5381, 5382, and 5383 are available in multiple languages.
- Notice of Occupancy Rights under VAWA (Form HUD-5380)
- Model Emergency Transfer Plan for Victims of Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault or Stalking (Form HUD-5382)
- Certification of Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault or Stalking, and Alternate Documentation (Form HUD-5381)
- Emergency Transfer Request for Certain Victims of Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault or Stalking (Form HUD-5383)
If you need additional information or assistance, please contact the Garfield County Housing Authority at (970) 625-3589.
Advocate Safehouse Project
Support for survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault; safe housing; counseling
Glenwood Springs, CO
Crisis: 970.945.4439* or 970.285.0209
Violence Free Colorado
Alpine Legal Services
Legal services for low income families, individuals, and groups
Glenwood Springs, CO
Providing Help, Creating Hope
Glenwood Springs, CO
Helping Survivors is an advocacy center for victims and survivors of sexual abuse and assault
This organization constantly publishes new information around different issues related to sexual assault
National Domestic Violence Hotline
Text “START” to 88788
National Sexual Assault Hotline
National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline
National Human Trafficking Hotline
National Runaway Safeline
National Center for Victims of Crime
1-855-VICTIM (1-855-484-2846) (call or text)